Up on the hill the farmer is turning the grass to help it dry and so get a crop of hay rather than sileage. Photo taken in High Birkwith.
Credit score: Andrew

Whether or not you’re designing a brand new product or coverage, testing and gradual rollouts permit groups to collect suggestions, develop in understanding and make enhancements in a managed approach.

From the start — and for all our schemes — this has been our method.

We designed SFI with farmers, for farmers. Some of the essential issues that they requested for was flexibility round how you can obtain the goals of the actions. Additionally they needed the administration to be so simple as potential. For that purpose, we didn’t place limits on any actions. Moderately, we needed to see how farmers responded to the provide and evolve it as wanted.

Since we opened the Sustainable Farming Incentive (SFI) for functions, we’ve continued to refine the scheme, knowledgeable by what farmers and different consultants inform us, what the Rural Funds Company (RPA) reviews and what we observe by monitoring.

This has led to quite a lot of enhancements: 

All these items and lots of extra in addition to, have been formed by suggestions. We welcome it, we’re grateful for it and we hope new SFI settlement holders becoming a member of the 15,000 who’ve already utilized will expertise the advantages of these enhancements.  

Monitoring the quantity of land taken out of meals manufacturing

One of many issues that we have been monitoring is the influence of the 9 actions within the present SFI provide which take land out of meals manufacturing. 

By SFI, our purpose is to assist farming and farmers. We wish to shield and enhance the surroundings, meals manufacturing and meals safety. We clearly don’t need SFI for use in a approach that comes at a price to any of them. 

We all know that typically sparing land for a yr, or 2 or 3 could make meals manufacturing extra resilient and may assist farmers to attain higher margins from their land. A few of our SFI actions do take land out of meals manufacturing for a short while, which helps farmers do that.

The proof reveals {that a} small variety of farmers, roughly 1% of those that utilized for SFI in 2023, entered 80% or extra of their farm into actions that contain taking land out of meals manufacturing. 

Whereas flexibility and freedom of alternative are essential options of SFI, we predict this goes additional than is critical. And, within the context of financial volatility and difficult climate circumstances, there’s a danger that this might grow to be extra of a problem.

Limiting actions

For that purpose, we’re placing an space restrict on 6 of the 9 actions. The rationale for limiting these 6 is that these actions have been designed to be carried out on elements of the farm and smaller areas inside land parcels. They’re much less efficient if they’re carried out on bigger areas or entire parcels and the influence on meals manufacturing is larger. 

We discounted 2 of  the 9 as a result of they’re very clearly actions designed to be carried out on strips. We determined to take away one of many remaining actions, NUM3 (legume fallow) from the actions we’re limiting as it could play an essential half in an arable rotation. It builds soil fertility for the following arable crop and permits farmers to manage issues like black grass in a approach that does not contain chemical substances.

The 6 restricted space actions are:

  • Take improved grassland subject corners or blocks out of administration – IGL1  
  • Winter chicken meals on improved grassland – IGL2  
  • Pollen and nectar flower combine – AHL1  
  • Winter chicken meals on arable and horticultural land – AHL2  
  • Grassy subject corners and blocks - AHL3  
  • Flower-rich grass margins, blocks, or in-field strips – IPM2 

From midnight tonight we’re not going to simply accept functions the place the quantity of land in complete that’s entered into any mixture of these 6 actions is above 25% of a farm’s complete land.

The purpose is to make sure that we get the steadiness proper within the share of a farm that we’ll fund to take these actions.

We’ve determined that 25% is the proper stage to cap these 6 actions to attain this. Taking extra land than that out of manufacturing on any given holding is unlikely to profit the surroundings or meals manufacturing.

We have been significantly eager to behave on this earlier than the standard level at which farm tenancies are reviewed in September.

The brand new method doesn’t apply to: 

  • any SFI utility that is already been submitted
  • SFI agreements which have already been provided to candidates 
  • present SFI agreements. 


If the whole space of your farmland is 100 hectares (ha), you may put 25ha in complete in these 6 actions.

This may very well be 10ha of IGL2, 10ha of AHL1 and 5ha of IPM2 or another quantity as lengthy it resulted in lower than 25ha.

We want some adjustments in what farmers develop, together with extra areas on farms that primarily ship for nature. These are sometimes the much less productive areas, and, as we’ve set out before, these areas can assist meals manufacturing in a wide range of methods.

Be taught extra

Info on the limiting of these 6 actions might be discovered within the SFI scheme guidance on GOV.UK.

This summer time, 50 new actions will likely be accessible by SFI. If limits apply to any of these actions, this will likely be clearly acknowledged within the steering.

The opposite actions at the moment on provide aren’t restricted and nearly all of land within the scheme continues to supply meals. Be taught extra about these actions and apply for SFI today.

We’ll proceed to watch SFI carefully and will restrict different actions sooner or later to make sure that we keep steadiness between meals manufacturing and taking care of the surroundings.

We’re about to publish one other put up on the take-up of SFI: who’s making use of, the actions they’re together with of their agreements and the scale of areas within the scheme, so look out for that.


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